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Myths about Birth Control Methods—in Kisinga, Uganda

Posted: Fri, January 26, 2018 | By: Women



​by Cathy Biira Charity

(the list below describes myths and misinformation women in Kisinga, Uganda, have about birth control methods)

Below is a detailed report on birth control methods and the myths people have against these methods.

CONDOMS: Condoms prevent semen from entering the vagina. They are made of thin latex and are of two types-male and female Condoms. If used correctly Condoms are effective and only 2 out of 100 women whose partners use Condoms become pregnant each year. Condoms also protect both partners from sexually transmitted diseases including HIV/AIDS.

MYTHS

* Lead to spread of cervical cancer
* Infertility in women
* Always stay in women’s private parts

* Break while in use

CERVICAL CAP: This is a silicone cap that is self inserted into the vagina and over the cervix to prevent pregnancy. The cap MUST be used with spermicide cream to be effective. The cap blocks the opening to the uterus and blocks sperms from moving to the egg and stops sperms from moving.

NB: It is more effective for women who have never given birth.

MYTHS

* Breaks virginity for young girls and women
* Widens women’s sexual organs
* Leads to infertility

SPONGE: A birth control sponge made of plastic foam and contains a spermicide. The sponge is inserted deep into the vagina shortly before intercourse. The sponge covers the cervix and blocks the sperms from entering the uterus.

NB: More effective for women who have never given birth.

MYTHS

* Causes cervical cancer
* Leads to infertility in women

DIAPHRAGM: It is a shallow dome-shaped cup with a flexible rim that is inserted into the vagina preventing sperms from reaching the egg. It blocks the opening of the uterus and spermicide prevents the sperms from migrating any further.

MYTHS

* Causes cervical cancer
* Leads to infertility in women

SPERMICIDE: This is a chemical substance that prevents pregnancy by stopping the sperms from moving towards the egg. They are inserted deep into the vagina at least 10minutes before intercourse. Spermicides are available in various forms including suppositories,gel,film,foam and cream. They can be used alone or in combination with other birth control methods like the diaphragm,cervical cap and the sponge. The most commonly used spermicide is nonoxynol-9. They are simple and convenient to use. However,some people are allergic to them and get skin irritations.

MYTHS

*Causes cervical cancer in women
*Create a bad smell in women.

BIRTH CONTROL PILLS: These are taken each day and are an effective,safe and convenient birth control method. These pills are made up of hormones that prevents ovulation.

MYTHS

* Increase in weight especially in women
* Lead to death
* Causes rotting if the uterus
* Loss of menstrual periods
* Infertility

BIRTH CONTROL INJECTION: This is an injection that prevents against pregnancy for up to 3months. The commonly known brand is Depo-Provera.

MYTHS

* Causes infertility in women
*Causes cervical cancer in women.

BIRTH CONTROL IMPLANTS: The birth control implant is inserted under the skin of the upper arm and prevents pregnancy for up to 3years. Women like implants because they can be used while breastfeeding and fertility returns immediately the woman stops using the implant.

The women didn’t have any knowledge of this method and had nothing to say about it.

BIRTH CONTROL PATCH: The patch has the same hormone as the birth control pill-estrogen and progestin.

The patch sticks to the skin and is placed once every week for 3 weeks followed by a patch-free week just before the mensuration.

No myths about this method.

BIRTH CONTROL VAGINAL RING: The vaginal ring is a small flexible ring that is inserted into the vagina once a month to prevent pregnancy. It is left in place for 3 weeks and taken out for the remaining week each month. The ring contains same hormone as in birth control pill.

No myths

11: BIRTH CONTROL USING THE INTRA-UTERINE DEVICE: The intra-uterine device (IUD) also known as the “coil” is a small T-shaped flexible plastic that is inserted by a certified health provider into the uterus for a woman to prevent pregnancy.

There are two types of IUDs- one that contains copper and this one once inserted remains effective for 12 years and one that contains small amount of the progestin hormone and this one once inserted remains effective for 5 years. The IUD containing copper can also be used as an emergency birth control to prevent pregnancy after unprotected intercourse. If inserted within 5days (120 hours) after unprotected intercourse, it has a 99.9 percent protection against pregnancy.

No myths

Those are some of the commonly used birth control methods I trained about to the women of kirembo.

For any other information that could be missing, please let me know so I can send it to you as long as I have it with me.

Thanks for your cooperation.



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